The Vernacular Architecture of Chettinadu in Tamilnadu, India
Vernacular architecture has been losing ground over the last couple of centuries, as modern methods prevail. This is unfortunate since many of the old ways employ natural materials and simple concepts that are energy efficient. This research will find some ideas among those buildings in India to help with our own designs. Most of the buildings which are constructed today have not taken in to account of the planning concepts used in traditional buildings. There is a need for studying the planning concepts used in vernacular buildings and adopting the same in our design. A burgeoning population and rapid urbanization in India in recent years has also affected quality of life in cities. Even smaller cities are facing huge problems in accommodating the growing population, and this, in turn, has resulted in rapid replacement of heritage and traditional buildings with modern construction. The city of Tamilnadu is a classic example of these changing patterns. This paper aims to explore and assess the traditional Architecture of chettiar dwellings, (Chettinadu) in the state of Tamilnadu in India. The study of these houses provides useful insights for designing modern buildings that provide thermally comfortable conditions. An analysis of these houses in Chettinadu regions, Tamilnadu, India provides a context for the field research.
Keywords: Vernacular Architecture, Climate Responsive Architecture
Prof. Shanthi Priya Radhakrishnan
Assistant Professor, Architecture, Thiagarajar College of Engineering
Prof S.Radhakrishnan Sivalingam
Professor, Department of Architecture, Thiagarajar College of Engineering